Youth and young people are becoming a hot topic among development donors and actors. But who exactly do these "labels" apply to, and are they too broad for effective policies? Or do they create too narrow a focus which is blind to larger structural issues?
The African work force is growing and is estimated to be around one billion people by 2040. At the same time, there is a growing demand for varied and nutritious food. This makes it necessary to build a successful agribusiness that will not only provide food for Africa, but also jobs and wealth for young African entrepreneurs.
With an aging population of farmers, it’s clear that agriculture needs to attract more young people.
Despite research which has shown agroforestry’s evolving role in helping to combat food insecurity and climate change, it has yet to be included in many national policies. In India, for example, a country where 65 percent of the timber and almost half of its fuel wood is sourced from trees on farms and outside forests, the government has approved a policy in support of agroforestry.
IYSCA 2016 provides a platform for University students to discuss and share their knowledge, expertise and experience on the principles, instruments and issues related to ideas towards the significance of the agricultural and related sciences interaction. IYSCA 2016 brings theme “Creative Agriculture”.
Engaging youth in agriculture has been a prominent topic recently and has risen up the development agenda, as there is growing concern worldwide that young people have become disenchanted with agriculture.
According to a recent survey by the Institute of Economic Affairs, young people under the age of 34 make up 78.3 percent of the Kenyan population. Farm Africa’s Youth Empowerment in Sustainable Agriculture (YESA) project is working to build young people’s interest in agricultural enterprises.
Agriculture is not glamorous. It suffers from entrenched negative perceptions. In the minds of many African youths, a farmer is someone like their parents, doing backbreaking labour in the fields and getting little to show for it. Nonetheless, agriculture is the engine driving many African economies.
Young African entrepreneurs, startups, hubs and business incubators from across the continent are the protagonists of a revolutionary movement capable of becoming the new model of sustainable development. Many of the solutions proposed by this growing network use technology to achieve their goals.
In Africa over 200 million people are aged between 15 and 24, the youngest population in the world. This age group according to the African Economic Outlooks is expected to double in number by 2045.